The blind spot of newspaper industry development a

2022-07-26
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The blind spot in the development of newspaper industry after printing is a simple and complex proposition. Simply put, newspapers are usually finished products that can be directly distributed after coming out of the printing press. At present, the post press equipment of the domestic newspaper industry is mainly the stacking machine and keel conveying line supporting the printing line. The reason why it is complicated is that from the perspective of newspaper printing plants in developed countries, there are quite a lot of post press equipment, including a large number of page storage machines, newspaper transmission lines, page insertion machines, stacking machines, packaging machines, etc., as well as distribution sites far beyond the printing plant. In addition, post press equipment and printing machines form a complementary relationship, and the degree of post press automation is quite high

compared with foreign countries, after more than 10 years of rapid development, the gap between China's newspaper printing industry and foreign countries in terms of production scale and technical level is rapidly narrowing, but there is basically no change in this area after printing. China has its own national conditions. China's newspaper industry has its own characteristics, but it can not be said that the development of China's newspaper industry does not need the same post press automation process as foreign countries. Post press has become a dull pain in the development of the newspaper industry

The rapid development of economy and the continuous advancement of newspaper reform have given great impetus to newspaper publishing in China. In the late 1990s, with the rapid maturity of the pre press production technology of color newspapers, the colorization of newspaper publishing took shape rapidly. Due to the needs of competition and the application of the collection and editing network, the collection and editing efficiency of the newspaper industry has been greatly improved, and all kinds of newspapers have expanded their editions. After many years, by the beginning of this century, the multi edition pattern of newspaper publishing has gradually taken shape. At present, the annual growth rate of the total amount of newspaper printing in China has exceeded 15% for many consecutive years. In 2003, the total printing volume of newspapers reached more than 120 billion pairs, accounting for more than two thirds of China's publishing and printing industry and ranking first in the world. Among them, the volume of color newspapers accounted for more than 60% of the total printing volume. Newspapers above the provincial level and metropolitan newspapers in big cities basically realized full-color printing. Most newspapers have more than 3 folios, and most urban newspapers have more than 6 pages

the formation of the pattern of multi edition and colorful newspaper publishing has also driven and promoted the progress and development of the newspaper printing industry. Great changes have taken place in the technical level and production scale. The multi unit and eight color tower color newspaper printing production line has become the mainstream equipment for newspaper printing. The introduction of printing machines has always been hot, and the application cycle of international advanced newspaper printing technology in China has been significantly shortened. The development of newspaper printing has also promoted the digital process of printing technology.Ctp, digital proofing, clp4 and other new technologies have made a breakthrough in the application of newspaper printing. In the post press area, due to the expansion of newspaper production lines and the improvement of machine speed, most of the newly introduced newspaper production lines are equipped with keel conveyor lines and stacking machines, realizing the preliminary automation of the production lines

the expansion of printing scale has also led to the expansion of newspaper printing plants. The original sites of most newspapers have been unable to meet the needs of the growth of printing equipment. The new large-scale printing center has become a new problem faced by most newspapers. In recent years, many newspaper printing houses have been expanded. Many of them have purchased land to establish large-scale new printing centers. However, these new printing centers still have less consideration on newspaper distribution space, and the reserved area is often insufficient. Whether to reserve sufficient post press distribution space has become a difficult problem in the construction of new printing centers

publication prescription and distribution prescription are the basis for the survival of the newspaper industry. In today's information society, with various media competing for eyeballs, the most traditional issue of newspaper production timeliness is more important. The labor cost in foreign countries is very high, and improving the timeliness and automation of distribution is the first consideration for newspapers. Therefore, favip information is generally directly burned or buried in the country. All major newspapers adopt the devices of page distribution, page insertion and automatic distribution after printing. At the same time of printing the last part of the newspaper, other pages printed at different times with weak timeliness will enter the post press processing line for processing at the same time. Hexion company has developed an online analysis and control page distribution, page insertion and automatic distribution for the device, thus forming an automatic one-stop production line for printing and distribution

from the perspective of the future development trend, the industry does not have much expectation on the development and changes of China's newspaper industry in the post press area. It has been several years since the multi edition and color production pattern of the newspaper industry was formed. The post press changes of the newspaper industry are still very small, and the post press automation demand like that in foreign countries has not been formed. However, the concepts and equipment related to the post printing of foreign newspapers are not suitable for China at all. Many places have introduced automatic distribution lines by post offices, which fully illustrates the necessity of this demand. The competition in the newspaper industry is intensifying. The increase in labor costs is also an unavoidable fact. The highly automated post-processing scheme for the newspaper industry is shortening the distance from us

with the formation of multi page production pattern of newspapers, the demand for post press automatic processing equipment is increasing. In recent years, almost all newspapers have encountered the problem of page insertion. At present, most newspapers are printed in several times. In this way, it is necessary to insert the stacks of newspapers printed each time to form a complete newspaper before it can be handed over to the readers. Recently, metropolitan newspapers in big cities have developed the fastest and become a strong growth point of China's newspaper industry. Most of them have printed more than six folios. They are often printed in three to four times. The requirements for such newspaper inserts will be more complex. They need not only to be inserted neatly, but also have certain order requirements. In China, this work is mostly done manually at the end of distribution. Some newspapers with small print runs are also done manually by printing houses

due to China's special distribution system, the insertion problem is not prominent in the newspaper distribution system at present. But the manual operation also reflects some shortcomings. For example, the position of manual page insertion is not fixed. It can be inserted wherever it is easy to insert. The newspaper with manual page insertion often uses the outermost version to cover all the page stacks that need to be inserted. Instead of covering them one by one in order, the newspaper lacks a sense of integrity. It gives people the feeling that the page sequence is very chaotic; The whole newspaper is untidy after inserting pages; The end inserts lack the supervision of the newspaper, and the phenomenon of less inserts occurs from time to time. According to a small-scale random interview conducted by the author, most citizens find it inconvenient to insert pages in multiple stacks of newspapers. 70% of the respondents believe that it has affected their enthusiasm for reading

automatic page insertion requires page storage. A lot of space abroad is prepared for page storage machines. The first printed supplement newspaper is stored in the page storage machine. When the evening issue is being printed, the page storage machine releases the newspaper. With the cooperation of the page distribution machine, page insertion machine and stacking machine, the whole newspaper is output. This kind of newspaper has completed the automatic insertion of all pages, and it is carried out in full accordance with the requirements of the specification. In the printing sector, Medtronic's sales in 2011 were 43% (US $37million). Manual page distribution could not meet the requirements of timeliness, and the total cost could not be borne no matter how low the labor cost. At the end of the distribution, it is completely impractical to manually distribute and insert pages. At home, it is becoming more and more difficult

at present, in the field of newspaper publishing and distribution in most cities, newspaper publishing and printing often have a relatively direct interaction. When the newspaper is ready to expand its edition, the printing capacity of the printing press is directly considered, and the needs of expanded edition printing are met by adding printing presses. In recent years, the configuration of newspaper printing production line has become larger and larger because China basically has no page allocation and insertion equipment. Newspaper distribution departments often require printing houses to go out of the whole newspaper together with several paper routes. In fact, when a production line has more than three paper routes for printing, the operation difficulty of the printing machine is significantly increased, and the phenomenon that the printing machine can adjust ink at one time and lose at the other also occurs, which leads to the obvious extension of startup preparation time and the increase of waste newspaper rate. After the newspaper is expanded, the pages with strong timeliness requirements will not increase significantly. If the starting time of printing is adjusted, most supplements without timeliness can also be printed first, so that the printing production task can still be completed well without adding a printing machine. Newspapers are often reluctant to print separately because of the quality of manual inserts. At present, a considerable number of newspapers in China have embarked on the road of self distribution. In fact, the Distribution Department hopes that the newspaper is a whole newspaper in a stack, whether it is run by itself or sent by mail

in addition, the small distribution area can automatically count, package and print labels according to the number of orders, which can effectively reduce the consumption of distribution time and cost and strengthen distribution management; And these jobs often cost a lot of manpower. And they need to repackage a fixed number of printed packages, which is a great burden in distribution. The Distribution Department or secondary distribution station of some newspapers. Quite a lot of manpower is used for secondary distribution. With the further increase of labor cost in China, this problem will attract more and more attention. Especially when the automatic page distribution system is fully used, the advantages of these devices will be more obvious

facing this demand, China has also started in these aspects. In the process of preparing to build a new printing center, Shenzhen newspaper group has included the construction of post press automatic distribution system in the planning. Guangzhou printing center and Yangcheng Evening News printing center have introduced some post press automatic distribution equipment. As the largest newspaper printing enterprise in Zhejiang Province, Zhejiang press printing company and the provincial newspaper distribution Bureau jointly introduced the automatic mail distribution system. In 1999, Shaanxi Post Office introduced the automatic mail system of Martini company and realized the connection with the printing equipment of Shaanxi printing plant. Although most of them belong to primary configuration, they also show great advantages in efficiency. The post office system has a direct demand for the automatic distribution system. As an important source of profit, it has a great demand for improving the serious automation of the self bacterial impurity package (to be continued)

author unit: legal society printing house

reprinted from: Printed today

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